Quantum Inspired Genetic Programming Model to Predict Toxicity Degree for Chemical Compounds

Saad Mohamed Darwish(1*),


(1) Department of Information Technology, Institute of Graduate Studies and Research, Alexandria University
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Cheminformatics plays a vital role to maintain a large amount of chemical data. A reliable prediction of toxic effects of chemicals in living systems is highly desirable in domains such as cosmetics, drug design, food safety, and manufacturing chemical compounds. Toxicity prediction topic requires several new approaches for knowledge discovery from data to paradigm composite associations between the modules of the chemical compound; such techniques need more computational cost as the number of chemical compounds increases. State-of-the-art prediction methods such as neural network and multi-layer regression that requires either tuning parameters or complex transformations of predictor or outcome variables are not achieving high accuracy results.  This paper proposes a Quantum Inspired Genetic Programming “QIGP” model to improve the prediction accuracy. Genetic Programming is utilized to give a linear equation for calculating toxicity degree more accurately. Quantum computing is employed to improve the selection of the best-of-run individuals and handles parsimony pressure to reduce the complexity of the solutions. The results of the internal validation analysis indicated that the QIGP model has the better goodness of fit statistics and significantly outperforms the Neural Network model.


Keywords


Cheminformatics; Quantum Computing; Prediction; Genetic Programming

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29099/ijair.v2i2.64

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