Causal Relations of Factors Representing the Elderly Independence in Doing Activities of Daily Livings Using S3C-Latent Algorithm

Nurhaeka Tou(1*), Ridho Rahmadi(2), Christantie Effendy(3),


(1) Universitas Islam Indonesia
(2) Universitas Islam Indonesia
(3) Departement of Medical Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health, and Nursing, University Gadjah Madah
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The growth of the elderly population in Indonesia from year to year has always increased, followed by the problem of decreasing physical strength and psychological health of the elderly. These problems can affect the increase in dependence and decrease the independence of the elderly in ADL. In previous studies, various factors affect independence in ADLs such as cognitive, psychological, economic, nutrition, and health. However, In general, these studies only focus on predictive analysis or correlation of variables, and no research has attempted to identify the casual relationship of the elderly independence factors. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the mechanism of the causal relationship of the factors that influence the independence of the elderly in ADLs using a casual method called the Stable Specification Search for Cross-Sectional Data With Latent Variables (S3C-Latent). In this research we found strong causal and associative relationships between factors.The causal relationship of elderly independence in ADLs was influenced by cognitive, psychological, nutritional and health factors and gender with α values respectively (0.61; 0.61;1.00, 0.65;0.70). Cognitive factors associated with psychological, economic, nutrition, and health with a value of α (0.77; 1.00; 1.00; 0.64). Furthermore, psychological factors associated with economy, nutrition, and health with a value of α (0.77; 0.95; 0.63). Bisides, economic factors are associated with nutrition and health with α values of ( 0.86; 0.75) and nutrition with health with α values of 0.64. The last association was found between nutritional factors and gender with a value of α 0.76. This research is expected to increase the independence of the elderly in carrying out daily activities.

Keywords


ADLs; Causal Relationship; Elderly; Indonesia; S3C-latent

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.29099/ijair.v5i1.206

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